|Unbalanced or high cholesterol levels result in heart disease or stroke. What are the causes? Consuming the wrong foods and/or genetics. If diet & exercise does not fix the problem, medication might be the answer.
The combination of ethinyl estradiol and drospirenone is used to prevent pregnancy. In addition to being a contraceptive, it is also ultilized to treat moderate acne in women who are at least 14 years old and have began mensturation.
YAZ DRUG INFO
Generic Names: drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol
What is Yaz (drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol) and how is it used?
Yaz is designed to prevent ovulation (the release of an egg from an ovary) and also cause changes in your cervical mucous and lining of your uterus, making it more difficut for sperm to reach the uterus and harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.
The combination of ethinyl estradiol and drospirenone is used as contraception. It is additionally used to treat moderate acne in women who have reaced at least 14 years of age and have started having regular menstrual periods.
This medication is also used to treat the symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), such as severe depression, anxiety, irritability, difficulty concentrating, lack of energy, sleep or appetite alterations, or just the general feeling being out of control. PMDD has also been known to cause physical symptoms such as breast tenderness, joint or muscle pain, headache, and bloating.
PMDD is not the same condition as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Drosperinone and ethinyl estradiol should not be used to treat PMS. Furthermore, it should not be used to treat PMDD unless you have already chosen to use birth control pills as a means of contraception.
Yaz may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.
What is the difference between Yaz and Yasmin?
Yaz has the same two active components as Yasmin (drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol), but Yaz contains a lower amount of estrogen - 20 micrograms, while Yasmin contains 30 micrograms. The progesterone levels of both medications are the identical. Another difference to be noted the medications is that Yasmin has 21 active pills and 7 placebo pills, while Yaz has 24 active pills and only 4 pills that are placebos.
Important Information about Yaz
Yaz has the potential to cause birth defects in an unborn baby. Do not use if you are pregnant or if you are attempting to become pregnant. Do not use Yaz if you have any of the following conditions: a history of stroke or blood clot, issues with circulation (especially if caused by diabetes), a heart valve disorder, breast or uterine cancer, abnormal vaginal bleeding, liver or kidney issues, an adrenal gland disorder, severe high blood pressure, recurrent migraine headaches, or a history of jaundice that was brought on by birth control pills. Taking hormones can increase your risk of blood clots, stroke, or heart attack, especially if you smoke and are older than 35. Drospirenone may also have the side effect of raising potassium levels in your blood. Other medical conditions can also affect potassium levels, including liver disease, kidney disease, and adrenal gland disorders. Before using Yaz, consult with your physician if you have any of these conditions.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking Yaz?
Do not take Yaz if you are allergic to drospirenone or ethinyl estradiol, or if you have:
uncontrolled high blood pressure, or a heart valve disorder;
- a history of stroke, blood clot, or circulation problems of diabetes;
- kidney or liver disease;
- disorder of the adrenal gland;
- frequent migraine headaches;
- atypical vaginal bleeding;
- any type of breast, uterine, or hormone-dependent cancer;
- if you have not yet started to menstruate.
Before using Yaz, tell your physician if you have any of the following conditions. You may not be able to use drosperinone and ethinyl estradiol, or you may need a dosage adjustment or special tests during treatment.
- high blood pressure or heart disease;
- high cholesterol or if you are overweight;
- liver cancer;
- a history of depression;
- gallbladder disease;
- seizures or epilepsy;
- a history of female cancers.
FDA pregnancy category X. Yaz can cause birth defects. Do not use Yaz if you are pregnant. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant during treatment. The hormones in Yaz can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Yaz may also slow breast milk production. Do not use if you are breast-feeding a baby. Drospirenone may raise potassium levels in your blood. Other medical conditions can also affect potassium levels, including liver disease, kidney disease, and adrenal gland disorders. Before using Yaz, tell your doctor if you have any of these conditions.
How should I take Yaz?
Take Yaz exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not take larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. You will take your first pill on the first day of your period or on the first Sunday after your period begins (follow your doctor's instructions).
You may need to use back-up birth control, such as condoms or a spermicide, when you first start using Yaz. Follow your doctor's instructions.
The 28-day birth control pack contains both "active" and "reminder" pills to keep you on your regular cycle. Your period will usually begin while you are using these reminder pills.
Take one pill every day, no more than 24 hours apart. Taking the pill at night may reduce side effects such as headache and nausea. When the pills run out, start a new pack the following day. You may get pregnant if you do not use Yaz regularly. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of pills completely.
You may have breakthrough bleeding. Tell your doctor if this bleeding continues or is very heavy.
If you need to have any type of medical tests or surgery, or if you will be on bed rest, you may need to stop using Yaz for a short time. Any doctor or surgeon who treats you should know that you are using birth control pills.
You should see your physician at regular intervals while taking Yaz. Self-examine your breasts monthly to check for lumps while you are taking Yaz.
Store Yaz at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I skip a dose?
Missing a pill increases your risk of becoming pregnant. Follow the directions on the patient information sheet provided with your medicine. If you do not have an information sheet, call your doctor for instructions if you miss a dose.
If you miss one"active" pill, take the dose as soon as you remember or you have the alternative of taking two pills at the time of your next regularly scheduled dose. You do not need to use backup birth control.
If you miss two"active" tablets in a row in week one or two, take two tablets each for the next two regularly scheduled doses (one missed tablet plus one regularly scheduled tablet for 2 days in a row). Use another form of birth control for at least 7 days following the missed tablets.
If you miss two "active" tablets in a row in week three, or if you miss three tablets in a row during any of the first 3 weeks, throw out the rest of the pack and start a new package on the same day if you are a Day 1 starter. If you are a Sunday starter, keep taking a pill every day until Sunday. On Sunday, throw out the rest of the pack and start a new pack of pills that same day. You may not have a period that month, but this is expected. However, if you miss your period 2 months in a row, call your doctor because you might be pregnant.
If you miss one of the reminder pills in week four, skip that dose and take the next one as directed.
If you miss a pill, you may become pregnant if you have sex in the 7 days after your missed pill. You MUST use another birth control method (such as condoms or spermicides) as a back-up for those 7 days.
What happens if in case of an overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of Yaz. An overdose of Yaz may cause nausea, vomiting, or vaginal bleeding.
What should I avoid while taking this medication?
Avoid smoking while using Yaz, especially if you are older than 35. Smoking can increase your risk of blood clots, stroke, or heart attack caused by birth control pills.
Drosperinone and ethinyl estradiol will not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases--including HIV and AIDS. Condoms, mouthguards, and other safe sex practices are
encouraged for anyone engaging in sexual intercourse, oral sex,
and/or the sharing of sex toys.
What are the possible side effects of Yaz?
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using Yaz and call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:
sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body;
- sudden headache, confusion, pain behind the eyes, problems with vision, speech, or balance;
- chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, nausea, sweating, general ill feeling;
- a change in the pattern or severity of migraine headaches;
- nausea, stomach pain, low fever, atypical color in your urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
- a breast lump; or
- symptoms of depression (sleep problems, weakness, mood changes).
Continue using the medication and talk with your doctor if you have any of these less serious side effects:
- mild nausea, vomiting, bloating, stomach cramps;
- breast pain, tenderness, or swelling;
- freckles or facial skin darkening, increased hair growth, or loss of scalp hair;
- changes in weight or appetite, swelling of your hands or feet;
- problems with contact lenses;
- vaginal itching or discharge;
- any changes in your menstrual periods; or
- headache, nervousness, dizziness.
Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.
What other drugs will affect Yaz?
Some drugs can make drosperinone and ethinyl estradiol less effective, which may result in pregnancy. Other drugs may be affected by drosperinone and ethinyl estradiol. Before using Yaz, tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.
Where can I get more information?
Your pharmacist has information about Yaz written for health professionals that you may read.
What does my medication look like?
Yaz is available with a prescription under the brand name Yasmin. Ask your pharmacist any questions you might have about your medication or about any pills that do not look familiar to you.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others,
and use Yaz only for the indication prescribed. Yaz will not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases--including HIV and AIDS. Condoms, mouthguards, and other safe sex practices are
encouraged for anyone engaging in sexual intercourse, oral sex, etc.